The livestock sector is vitally important to the Egyptian economy. A twinning project with was undertaken with the General Organisation for Veterinary Services (GOVS), which is affiliated to the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. It was established by Presidential Decree 187/1984 and given sole responsibility for protecting animals from all infectious and epidemic diseases.
This twinning project has the overall objective of enhancing animal and human health in Egypt and increasing the contribution of the livestock sector to the Egyptian economy. The Netherlands' Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority - VWA, which is an independent authority under the administrative supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV), will be responsible for the implementation of the proposed twinning project along with France as junior partner through France Vétérinaire International (FVI).
The planned outcomes of the project are:
- Amending animal health legislation
- Institutional reform of GOVS
- A national strategy and action plan for disease surveillance agreed and in operation.
- Contracts/MoUs in place to ensure sampling and testing for national animal and zoonotic disease surveillance
- Test results analysed by GOVS to drive the development of policy and to provide feedback to the veterinary clinics
- Contingency plans for major epidemic and zoonotic diseases are to be prepared, discussed and agreed.
Institutional reform and legislative change in alignment with the acquis communautaire are the primary project activities. Further activities include surveillance and contingency planning, strategic assistance to facilitate improvements in and acceleration of the Animal Identification and Registration (I&R) programme, and human resource development, focusing on training needs assessments and overseas study tours.